Before I begin, I shall introduce myself as a high school student who's really interested in both electronics and audio. Experts out there, please feel free to correct anything incorrect information mentioned here. Also if anyone have any questions or suggestions, feel free to ask. (I'm a Head-fi regular)
Alright, Some of you have probably heard of the plasma headphones. It's been discussed here and there around the web (even here on Head-Fi) and there once was even a commercially available plasma headphone. (Source) The Plasmasonic1.
The Plasmasonic1 works by controlling ions created by a corona discharge using a variable electric field as opposed to plasma speakers (Tweeters) that use plasma arcs.
After looking through the designs for the Plasmasonic1 it seems like a relatively easy build but I see no attempts at this device... There may be quite a few health hazards but I see people doing even more dangerous things online (e.g. Tesla coils, rail guns Lasers... etc.) So I've decided to take on this project, my goal is to replicate the Plasmasonic1 using info provided on their site.
This project will probably be on-going for a few months to around 1 year because I have school work and IB exams coming up in 10 months. So I will keep this thread updated as I slowly progress in this project.
I have actually already begun the project before writing this post. According the the Plasmasonic1 page, the system requires ±3KV @ 500µA. Since the current required here is not very high, I've designed a HV PSU Based on the Cascade voltage multiplier.
This PSU Consists of a step-down transformer to convert 220Vrms Mains to 110Vrms and 2x 20-stage Cascades to reach the required ±3KV. Each cascade stage consists of a 400V 33µF electrolytic capacitor and a 1N4007 diode.
Here's some photos of my PSU under construction:
That's all I have for now, I'll update this post again after completing the HV PSU.
I have just completed the HV PSU along with a 1/100 Potential Divider to measure high voltages.
I a]have also gotten my hands on some Metal Gauze to make the Electrode Grids and "Safety net" Grids
Photos of Completed HV PSU:
Photo of Potential Divider and Metal Gauze:
- Calibrated the potential divider using a low voltage reference.
- HV PSU Output voltages slowly reaches ±2.9x KV over few minutes after power on.
- Corona Discharge test:
- Used multimeter probes connected to PSU Outputs, tip of probes spaced 1cm apart
- Observations: No light observed, even without any external light source. Heard "Hissing" sounds.
- Bought some HV Wiring (25KV rated) and some banana plugs to make Interconnect.
- Decided to use Acrylic glass to make transducer body for easy manufacturing.
- Project On-Hold until my school opens. (So I can "Hijack" the workshop's laser cutter )
- Some Pics of HV wiring and interconnect:
Further Update 27/7/2012:
Just before I put this project on-hold, I decided to do one last discharge test with a round piece of metal gauze and one of my mom's sewing needles. This time, I got some Great results!!! I'm finally able to see the discharge glow at the tip of the needle and less hissing sound!! This is looking great got my headphones.
Pic of Test setup:
Unfortunately I can't take a picture of the discharge glow because my camera won't detect such low levels of light. It actually took my eyes a while to adjust to the dark before I can even see it myself.
Alright.... I really wanted to put this on-hold and do some work but I really wanted to see some more progress and results so I just designed the Amplifier for this plasma headphone project.!!
The Input stage is based on the BB: OPA2134 for a gain stage and balance converter (pretty standard stuff) then the Output stage is based on the Toshiba: 2SC4686A High Voltage NPN Transistor (each 1200v max.) configured in a 4-stage Cascode with voltage ladder. The quiescent current (Iq) for each one of these cascodes is 120µA, 4 total (2 per ch, 2ch). 4 stages were chosen because I decided to play it safe and have just 700V across each transistor.
PS: For some reason, my auto-correct does not recognize cascode as a word.....
The 2SC4686A High Voltage Transistors has finally arrived!! 20 of them!
(Surprisingly made in Japan.)
Drawn schematics I have so far in computer.
They can be found here:
Edited by b1o2r3i4s5 - 8/7/12 at 10:13pm