Originally Posted by WorldsEndWombat
I love 16 Horsepower a lot, which later evolved into Woven Hand, still classified as Folk Rock but more on experimental side.
David Eugene Edwards is a genius.
X3 ABSOLUTELY! I would warn that Woven Hand is a whole lot darker and, indeed, unconventional (well, not that 16 Horsepower is "conventional"). Great stuff and would top my recommendations in the genre - though entirely unique in what they do. One of their more approachable albums to start out with is appropriately titled, Folklore (also happens to be one of my personal favorites).
Great list also by RadioKing59 too. Hmm, what can I add....this is right up my alley. Not much in the way of female vocals yet:
Sarah Jaffe, Suburban Nature
Laura Veirs, (anything by her)
Lou Rhodes (solo efforts outside of Lamb)
Josh Ritter, Hello Starling
Smog (Bill Callahan)
Josh T. Pearson
The Low Anthem
Mark Kozelek / Sun Kil Moon
The Mountain Goats, All Eternals Deck
Ryan Adams latest - Ashes and Fire
The Civil Wars, Barton Hollow