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Head-Fi Buying Guide (Portable Amps, DACs, & DAPs)

By joe, Jul 2, 2014 | |
  1. joe
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Chord Electronics Hugo 2

Chord's original Hugo was something of an unusual revelation for me. I was quite used to thinking that high-end DACs had to be big, power-hungry beasts in heavy aluminium cases, and indeed top-of-the-line models generally are. As digital conversion with any serious degree of accuracy requires a very high degree of precision in the components, all that weight goes into both eliminating noise from the digital circuits, generated both from power supplies and by the digital conversion chips themselves.

To have my current DAC at the time knocked off its crown by a small, battery-powered box was crazy to say the very least. In the conclusion to my Hugo review, I wrote: Warren [Chi] commented: 'Someone send this to Chord as my non-impression impressions: "Hey you guys, I've come to a decision... I've been thinking about it for a while now, and I want y'all to be the first to know. I do NOT want to listen to the Hugo. I don't want to try it out, I don't want to be in any reviews of it, nothing. It's like a couple grand, and EVERY M****F**** WHO HEARS IT BUYS ONE."'

Since Chord had released the Mojo, which was only a bit behind the Hugo in sound quality, for a quarter of the price, it remained to be seen how Chord would improve on their design.

The community had not been lacking in their criticisms of the ergonomics of the original and the Hugo 2, while much the same size, has changed quite a bit.

To start with, like the Mojo, the Hugo 2 has separate micro-USB port for charging and input. However at least a 2.1A charger is required for continuous use, or the Hugo 2 will only show that it is charging at half the rate it is capable and the battery will eventually run out if left on all day.

With the included or similar powered charger, if the Hugo 2 is left connected to power, fully-charged, for 24 hours, it will switch into "desktop mode", indicated by a change in the colour of the power button, and bypass the batteries entirely, preventing their deterioration. To aid that, a fully-functional remote control is now included.

Most interesting are the two screw holes on that side, with word that there will be a future "2go" for the Hugo as there is the Poly for the Mojo.

The Hugo 2 maintains it’s plethora of inputs, but adds a second coaxial digital input allowing connection of an M-Scaler. While no portable version currently exists, it does suggest that in the future some serious portable digital hardware might be available to connect to it.

The 6.3mm and 3.5mm outputs are now flush with the body, good for those people who have cables that use the big Canare or similar plugs that wouldn't work with the original Hugo. However the RCA sockets of the Hugo 2 are still recessed, so users of cables with very large RCA plugs are going to have issues.

Most importantly is that the Hugo 2 is a significant step up over the original when it comes to performance. With around double the number of taps, courtesy of more serious FPGA power and Rob Watts’ code. The $2000+ DAC market is very fiercely contested, primarily by Schiit Audio’s Yggdrasil, which has just had upgrades, and Audio-gd’s new R2R 7, as well as the emergence of other R2R DACs in the last year.

When I reviewed the Chord Dave, I wrote:

Within a minute of plugging my HD800s into the DAVE and beginning to listen I knew immediately I wanted one. I also knew that any language I'd used to describe DACs before was useless. Normal questions about the sound, such as those relating to tone, texture, detail and distortion, do not exist, as what I felt I was experiencing was something else entirely from what I'd experienced before.

The Hugo 2, with top headphones, has some of that magic, seemingly able to tap into the very atmosphere in which a recording was made, going beyond realistic instrument reproduction, into expressing the very feeling of an entire recording.

It wasn't too long ago that I used to say that one couldn't have a good enough DAC to go with a Stax rig, such was their resolving ability. Now I can say the same about Focal's Utopias and HiFiMan's Susvara, as they revealed things about my system I didn't know it was capable of. However now I can say, almost in reverse, that you cannot have a good enough system for the Chord Hugo 2, such is its ability to bring out the actual music, and what is more, you can take the experience with you when you travel too.



The Chord Hugo caused a huge stir in the headphone audio community when it was released back in 2014 at CES. It was the first serious attempt at penetrating the portable audio market for venerable British Hif-Fi manufacturer, Chord Electronics. And it was a runaway success. The subsequent release of the even more portable (and affordable) Mojo enabled the Chord sound to reach many additional consumers for whom otherwise the stretch to a Chord DAC product might have been too far.

The Hugo ("you-go") concept was to create an all-in-one portable device, meaning a DAC, preamp, and headphone amp, along with DSD and high-res PCM capability, aptX Bluetooth, and a useful crossfeed function. But perhaps the real highlight of the original Hugo was the FPGA (field-programmable gate array) design of the DAC that Chord’s Lead Designer, Rob Watts, used as opposed to using an off-the-shelf commercial chip. I remember my first listen to the Hugo and being wowed at the time with the sense of realism and engagement.

Fast forward to 2017 and the highly anticipated Hugo 2 was announced in January, again at CES. After several showings at CanJam in NYC, Singapore, Los Angeles, and London, the Hugo 2 finally became more readily available to the consumer market this past summer. Was the wait worth it? You bet it was.

The Hugo 2 builds on the success of the original Hugo while making significant upgrades both in terms of performance and ergonomics. From the revised casework to the glowing and color-shifting spherical control buttons that give users visual cues as to the current settings on the unit, to the enlarged RCA output jacks, to the more solid micro USB connection points, the Hugo 2 has been completely overhauled. The included remote control is one of my favorite new features as this adds so much flexibility when using in full-size and desktop systems, as I do.

Under the hood, the Hugo 2 utilizes the next generation FPGA Xilinx Artix 7 chipset which upgrades the 45nm Spartan 6 used in the original Hugo. This translates into an increased tap-length capability from 26,368 to 49,152 using a 10 element Pulse Array design. More taps means a more finely tuned conversion response and combined with a newly revised output stage will provide, according to Chord, lower measurable harmonic distortion than the original Hugo.

The Hugo 2 is an all-in-one unit as its predecessor and combines a plethora of of inputs and outputs including micro-USB, digital optical, digital coaxial inputs, and RCA, mini (3.5mm) and ¼ (6.3mm) headphone outputs. Charging is done via a separate micro-USB connection and the unit can remain plugged in continuously whether in actual use or turned off. After 24 hours on a constant charge, the Hugo 2 will enter into Intelligent Desktop Mode where the battery is neither charged or discharged.

One of the key features of the Hugo 2 is the ability to tailor the sound using the built-in sound filtering options as well as the crossfeed function. The filters range from white (neutral incisive), green (high frequency roll-off), orange (warm), red (even warmer). These filter options in combination with the 3 settings of X-PHD crossfeed (min, med, max) can come into handy when faced with different music genres, levels of recording and/or file quality, and mood. My reference is the white filter but I also use green and red on occasion.

The sound quality of the Hugo 2 is for me, a significant step up from the original Hugo. It’s increased resolution, dynamics, and sense of timing enable me to get closer to my music and the fact that I can also use this a transportable device is icing on the cake. Although most of my listening is done using the Hugo 2 as DAC only feeding an external tube headphone amplifier, using the Hugo 2 on its own injects an increased level of immediacy and engagement. The Hugo 2 can pretty much drive any full size headphone (with the exception of the some of the harder to drive Hifiman headphones such as Susvara and HE-6). The headphones and in-ears I mostly use directly out of the Hugo 2 are the Focal Utopia, 64 Audio Tia Fourte, and Campfire Andromeda, all of which sound fantastic directly driven from the Hugo 2.

The Chord Hugo 2 retails for $2379 (USA). For anyone in the market for a DAC upgrade in this price category or for those looking to make the jump into their first high-end headphone audio rig, the Hugo 2 is a fantastic solution. With the added benefit of being able to go wherever "you-go". Enthusiastically recommended.

Aurender Flow

At the 2014 CanJam @ RMAF, an audio industry friend and I were chatting about gear we've been enjoying, and I mentioned the Chord Hugo. "Have you checked out Aurender's Hugo competitor?" he asked? When I answered I hadn't, he insisted I should. As chance would have it, I later ran into ComputerAudiophile.com founder Chris Connaker, and he also asked if I'd heard the new Aurender portable DAC/amp. That was two people I knew and respected asking me about the same product, so I asked Chris if he could introduce me to Aurender. Ten minutes later, I was meeting with Harry Lee and other Aurender team members, listening to the Aurender Flow for the very first time.

Okay, to be clear, the Aurender Flow was already in development before the Hugo was even announced, so it wasn't created in response to Chord's mega-successful portable DAC/amp combo. Once you put them both on a table, though, there's no avoiding the comparison. The Aurender Flow is a high-end, high-res portable DAC/amp combo; it is clad in a robust silver aluminum chassis, and it's more or less similar in size to the Hugo.

In terms of styling, though, they are certainly very different. The Flow is sharp corners and smooth flowing lines, with a beautiful (and huge) volume knob dominating its topside, and a digital display smack dab in the middle of that volume knob (which I'll get to shortly). The Hugo sounds absolutely amazing, but it is a strange creature to behold, with its domed hey-check-out-my-FPGA viewing window to the PCB, unusual recessed volume control ball thingie (that glows different colors to indicate volume levels), recessed jacks galore, a host of LED's of varying colors that a colorblind guy like me has a hard time making heads or tails of, and strange little chassis design flourishes that seem almost random. The Flow looks decidedly more straightforward and business-like in comparison.

In terms of specs, the comparisons certainly have more in common than their chassis styling. Both are 32/384-capable via USB. Both are 24/192-capable via optical. Both will play DSD files up to DSD128. (The Hugo also has a coaxial digital input, which the Flow does not.) Rated output power comparisons show the Hugo a bit more powerful into 32 ohms (600mW for the Hugo versus 570mW for the Flow); and the Flow is a bit more powerful into 300 ohms (87mW for the Flow versus 70mW for the Hugo). Both have vanishingly low output impedance specs, with the Hugo at 0.075Ω and the Flow at 0.06Ω. Battery life for the Hugo is rated at around 12 hours (which might be a bit optimistic) and the Flow at 7+ hours (which is probably mildly conservative). The Hugo's DAC is based on a custom-coded FPGA DAC, and the Flow's DAC section uses the Sabre ES9018K2M.

Due to the display in the middle of its wide volume knob, and the media control buttons on the side, the Flow is regularly mistaken for a standalone media player, which it is not. The display shows a visual volume indicator, various functional modes, battery status, current sample rate, and other bits and bobs. The buttons are for playback control (of your computer), and can control iTunes and some other media player software (play, pause, track backward, track forward).

Another reason people seem to assume the Aurender Flow is a portable media player is because it has an mSATA slot into which can be installed an SSD drive up to 1TB. Again, to be clear, the Aurender Flow is not a portable media player like an Astell&Kern players. It is a DAC/amp combo, and installing an SSD drive turns it into a USB 3.0 media storage device. I've installed a Samsung 1TB SSD in mine, and the read/write times are fast. If you're still unclear why one would want an SSD drive in his DAC/amp, here's my personal answer: My laptops of choice is a MacBook Air that has only two USB slots. With the Aurender Flow, both my media storage and DAC/amp functionality are served with a single USB slot. It's less to carry, and it keeps my other USB slot free for other things (like my photo storage drive or other peripherals).

As for how its performance compares to the Chord Hugo, I'd say the Aurender Flow is so far the strongest competitor to the Chord Hugo I've listened to. If your primary headphone is a sensitive IEM, you might actually prefer the Aurender Flow, as, in terms of self-noise with an ultra-sensitive in-ear, it is dead quiet, whereas my most sensitive IEMs can touch and reveal the Hugo's noise floor. When it comes to sensitive IEMs, I also like how the Aurender Flow always jumps back to -90dB volume level (-110dB is its lowest setting) when you unplug the headphone from it, which is nice for added hearing safety.

The Aurender Flow is a very resolving DAC, to my ears approaching (but not quite reaching) the Hugo in terms of inner detail and accurately conveying imaging and soundstaging (using albums I was present for the recordings of as my references). With most of my over-ear headphones, and with my loudspeaker setups, I still have to give the edge to the Hugo, though, for its ability to present a sense of solidity--a corporeality--that I typically associate with good tube gear. The Flow is good in this regard, but that edge is the Hugo's. This is not faint praise--the Hugo is far more expensive, and is one of my favorite DACs ever, regardless of form factor. With two portable products like these at the top of their games, there'll be some who prefer one over the other, and I think the Aurender Flow will win the battle with some of you.

This has been a very heavy travel year for me, and the Aurender Flow has edged out the Hugo as my carryon-only travel companion, due to its ability to be both my DAC/amp and my media drive all-in-one. When I travel extra-light, my best in-ears always win the role of primary headphones, and the Flow's advantage with my most sensitive in-ears also contributes to its status as my current #1 travel DAC/amp combo.

If you don't need the SSD drive, the Aurender Flow comes in at just over half the price of the Chord Hugo. Even with a 1TB drive, it's priced at just under $1800, which is still $700 less than Chord's portable marvel.

iFi Audio micro iDSD
By Jude Mansilla

Over the last few years, iFi has been getting a lot of attention from the Head-Fi community, but perhaps never more than now, as the community helped iFi crowd-design one of their latest products. The resulting product--the iFi Micro iDSD--has been met with a lot of enthusiasm on the forums, and, in my opinion, it's well deserved.

I really like how iFi was able to capture most (maybe all?) of what the crowd-designing crowd wanted most, and with only one SKU. That is, instead of having to pick and choose different configurations or model numbers to get a specific feature set, there's only one iFi Micro iDSD model, and you customize it on-the-fly by flipping the appropriate switches. You prefer fixed RCA output to variable output? There's a switch for that. Sensitive in-ear? Flip a switch, and you get a dead silent background and great volume control range for your IEM. Brutal-to-drive HiFiMAN HE-6? Flip a switch and it's a 4-watt max output beast of an amp. Want to mess with different digital filter settings? Polarity? A little bass boost? 3D HolographicSound processing for headphone or speakers? Yep. Switches. For all of it.

As far as connectivity goes, the Micro iDSD has async USB 2.0 input, S/PDIF input/output via a combo coax RCA/optical jack, 3.5mm analog input, RCA stereo outputs, and, of course, a headphone output (6.3mm, better known as 1/4"). iOS device users will likely appreciate that its USB jack is designed to directly accommodate the Apple Camera Connection Kit without needing any adapters or additional cables--this is a huge plus for those whose portable rigs are fronted by an iPod Touch, iPhone or iPad. The Micro iDSD even has a 5V/1.5A USB type "A" port that draws on the Micro iDSD's big 4800mAh lithium-polymer battery to charge your USB devices.

Able to play DSD up to DSD512, DXD, and PCM up to 32-bit/768kHz, the iFi Micro iDSD is, for all practical purposes, a future-proof DAC, covering every existing digital music format I know of, as well as file types I don't even think we'll see in the foreseeable future. Fortunately, the iFi Micro iDSD is not only versatile, it is also anoutstanding performer, with an excellent, neutral presentation that avoids being harsh or unnaturally edgy. As a DAC, the Micro iDSD is very revealing, with an ability to reach the inner detail of great recordings that I simply wouldn't expect for $500, and putting it at the top of my portable DAC recommendations at anywhere near this price.

As a portable amp, the Micro iDSD's flexibility is completely without peer, in my experience. With even my most sensitive in-ear monitors, the Micro iDSD's background is, to my ears, free of any self-noise--dead quiet. With the iEMatch switch in its "Ultra Sensitivity IEMs" position (and power set to "Eco"), the ability to turn the volume knob through a nice range--without the hair-trigger volume jumps that can occur with super-sensitive IEMs with most amps--is absolutely refreshing. Again, the Micro iDSD's controls allow its ample power to be controlled to feed anything from those super-sensitive IEMs to the power-devouring HiFiMAN HE-6, and anything in between.

While I haven't been using the bass boost or the 3D HolographicSound processing much, I do appreciate knowing they're there when I feel the need, and these features only add to the Micro iDSD's versatility.

Fortunately, the Micro iDSD leaves me with only a couple of minor gripes. First, for a portable, it is rather large, similar in size to the CEntrance HiFi-M8 (and a bit larger than the Chord Electronics Hugo). Also, for something so adept at driving ultra-sensitive IEMs, I wish the Micro iDSD had a 3.5mm headphone output in addition to it's 1/4" one. Personally, I would be willing to sacrifice the 3.5mm analog input on the front to have a 3.5mm output in its place.

Perhaps everything I've written describes a complex product, which is because the iFi Micro iDSD is indeed a very complex, sophisticated product. It is, however, exceedingly easy to use, so don't be intimidated by its feature set. Regardless of what price range you're shopping in, if you are looking for a portable solution that can also stand in as your primary headphone system, the iFi Micro iDSD has to be put on your list of candidates.

JDS Labs C5 and C5D
By Jude Mansilla

Though they're best known for manufacturing and selling products based on the O2 and ODAC designs by the enigmatic nwavguy, JDS Labs also manufactures products they've designed entirely in-house, now with their C5 portable headphone amp, and their C5D portable headphone amp and USB DAC combo.

From the outset, JDS Labs made clear that the C5 and C5D weren't intended as a response to the O2 and O2/ODAC, but, rather, as complimentary to the line. The C5 and C5D are for users who need a smaller amp with USB recharging, and who could benefit the most from super-fine volume control for sensitive headphones and IEMs. To achieve perfect channel matching with super-sensitive headphones, JDS Labs opted for a 64-step digital volume control.

The C5 amp section also features two gain levels (selectable by pushing the volume control in to toggle), and a three-position bass boost (off, medium, high). One thing that those DIY'ers among you might find useful is that the C5 runs on JDS Labs' fully open source Arduino firmware, so (if you use Arduino) you can change the behavior of the C5's volume control.

The C5D adds a low-jitter PCM5102A-based USB DAC that supports PCM up to 24/96, including 24/88--I only mention that last part, because the ODAC does not support 24/88. Whereas nwavguy thinks re-sampling my 24/88 files to 24/44 is trivial, it's just one more thing I'd rather not have to even think about--I just want to play them without the extra steps, so I like that the C5D does support 24/88. The USB implementation is async, and the C5D's DAC section also uses the Analog Devices ADuM3160 for galvanic isolation. By adding the DAC section, battery life on the C5D is (not surprsingly) shorter than the C5 (6 to 8 for the C5D versus 11-14 hours for the C5). I personally went with the C5D.

With my most sensitive in-ears, self-noise is nonexistent--that is, the C5D is dead silent, to my ears, and that's a big plus. For the most part, I do like the volume control on my C5D, and the channel matching sounds perfect down to the C5D's lowest volume setting--however, the very first step on the C5D's volume control is louder than I'd like it to be with my most sensitive IEMs. Is it a deal-killer? Far from it--it's still quiet, just not as quiet as I'd like that first step to be; and with headphones that aren't super-sensitive IEMs, it's perfectly fine. Is this a behavior I can remedy to my complete satisfaction by getting into the firmware with Arduino? I'm not sure, but I'll ask, and maybe one day try it, if the answer is yes.

In a word, I'd describe the C5D's sound signature as clean. If you favor warmth or bloom, look elsewhere, but with my Sennheiser MOMENTUMs, OPPO PM-1, and AKG K7XX (just to name a few examples of headphones that pair very well with the C5D), I really dig the C5D. The variable bass boost is also nice for a dose of energy down low for anemic, overly-lean recordings.

If you've been hoping for a more portable-friendly O2/ODAC, the C5D seems to me to be created to be in keeping with nwavguy's spirit--even though it's an entirely unique and independent design--and I can't think of a company better suited to successfully do that than JDS Labs.

At $250, JDS Labs’ C5D certainly an investment and one that only audiophiles can easily justify but if you’re looking for stellar audio performance from any and everything that supports an external USB DAC or a simple line-out, the C5D is likely one of the best portable amplifiers in the business and definitely the best I’ve ever heard. ”
  TheGame21x ,
Head-Fi Member/Contributor
Chord Electronics
Cowon Plenue 1
By Brian Murphy (AxelCloris)

At first glance the Cowon Plenue 1 doesn’t do much to grab the eye. From practically every angle, the P1 reminds me of the Monolith from Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey. It’s a small cuboid with rounded corners, a power button on top and three control buttons on the side. On the front there’s a 3.7” touch display and the underside is home to the usual combination of jacks and charging ports found on almost every modern player. It’s decidedly unremarkable. If I were to associate a color to the P1’s looks, it wouldn’t be something flashy like tangerine orange or cool like seafoam blue, no; it would be beige.

What the P1 lacks in styling cues, it makes up in customization. The P1 comes equipped with what Cowon call JetEffect 7, which is basically a combination of EQ adjustments, reverb and other audio tweaks. The system is loaded with 50 presets and 4 user-customizable settings to help tune the sound exactly the way the listener wants.

The default, tweak-free setting Cowon has dubbed “normal” delivers a clear and lean sound, but once one starts listening with the EQ enabled, the Plenue 1 truly begins to shine. Want a bit more forward and engaging sound? Try one of the BBE presets. Want to hear your favorite song in a way you never have before? Reach for that EQ icon and see what the sliders can do. None of the presets working for you? Pop open one of the custom user options and find the perfect mix for your headphones.

The P1 isn’t a player I would recommend to audio purists because I believe they’ll be missing that which makes the P1 special in my eyes. I must have spent several hours playing with the P1’s JetEffect options. No, it won’t take everyone that long to find their preferred sound, but it was just so much fun making a change here and altering something there that I simply couldn’t help myself.

The UI is pleasant and fully functional without seeming over designed, and the reasonably compact hardware feels solid in the hand. The amplifier is decently powerful, and the P1 was able to push all of the headphones I paired with it to what I consider ear-shattering volumes. It falls a bit short when trying to properly drive headphones like the ETHER Flow or HD 800, but it can certainly make them loud.

There’s also 128GB of internal storage. Combined with an expandable Micro SD card slot, the P1 should provide room for more Eagles, Michael Jackson and Steely Dan high-res tracks than you can shake a stick at.

On the whole, the P1 is a sensible and understated package. Its modest aesthetic belies the monster lurking within, waiting to be released. I view it the same way many see a Mitsubishi Lancer EVO or a Subaru Impreza WRX. They’re decent straight out of the wrapper, but it’s not until you start tinkering under the hood that they become something extraordinary. At the end of the day, it's all of the JetEffect options that really set this player apart. If you are a relentless tweaker who wants to dial in the perfect EQ balance for all of your favorite tracks, this might just be the hot-rod-ready DAP you‘re looking for.

ALO Audio Rx
By Amos Barnett (Currawong)

ALO Audio’s Rx series of amps have gone from strength to strength over the years. Starting out simply, with not much more than an opamp and culminating a few years ago with the powerful Rx MKIII balanced amp, Ken Ball has rebooted the Rx series with a dedicated IEM amp this time round. Housed in a nickel-plated case, at first glance it seems a bit large compared to competitors, but Ken explained that after testing a number of electronic volume controls and not being satisfied, he settled on a regular volume pot, necessitating a slightly larger than ideal case. Unlike the original Rx, the latest version includes a comprehensive power supply and a dedicated headphone amp chip from Texas Instruments.

I first gave the Rx a run using my Chord Hugo as a source and the demanding JHAudio Laylas and, much to my pleasure, couldn’t make out any difference in sound quality — the Rx was effectively transparent. The same went for my Ultimate Ears Reference Monitors, RHA T20is and FitEar FitEars. What was most interesting with the Laylas is how the Rx seems to bring out the treble better than all the other amps and DAPs I’ve tried, from the AK240, Headamp Pico Power, Calyx M and others. At the other end of the spectrum, the bass came through precisely and cleanly, a touch more so than from amps. The benefits of dedicating an amp to a particular type of transducer has certainly paid off here.

To top it off, ALO Audio includes a high quality micro-USB cable with the Rx, which not only be used for charging but with other USB DACs and DAPs. The Rx will play while charging, useful while listening at a computer. For high-end custom or universal IEM owners who are after a good amp, this is definitely one to check out.

...the ALO Rx is just what the doctor ordered for this audiophile who has it bad for great sound while on the go. ”
  mscott58 ,
Head-Fi Member/Contributor
FiiO X3 Mark III
By Warren Chi (warrenpchi)

Many brands focus on the pursuit of perfection at any cost. Other brands dedicate themselves to offering competitive products for as low a cost as possible. I don’t know that any brand will ever hit both targets at once - that of achieving class-leading performance, while shattering price barriers - as the two goals are almost diametrically opposed to each other. But if there is one brand that might be capable of doing so, and seems determined to try, it is FiiO.

FiiO’s X3 Mark III is the third-generation of their X3 audiophile digital audio player, or DAP.

It plays nearly every lossless audio format that you’re likely to use, including WAV, FLAC, ALAC, AIFF, WMA and more. It will also play back your high-resolution DSD music (albeit via DoP conversion), so keep an eye out for those 16TB MicroSD card deals from the future. But regardless of what file types you might fancy, its dual PCM5242 DACs can support bit depths up to 32-bit, and sampling rates up to 192kHz, so that you can hand it down to your children when they start listening to high-res audio. My point is, the X3 Mark III is one serious piece of kit, and a true audiophile DAP with respect to its processing capabilities.

The X3 Mark III also features a built-in balanced headphone amplifier, which tends to be a feature typically reserved for premium audiophile DAPs. I can tell you without any hesitation that it sounds absolutely brilliant. Detail, clarity and imaging are all noticeably improved - making the balanced headphone amp one of its very best features for me.

The X3 Mark III’s frequency response tends to have a warm spectral tilt versus that of typical premium audiophile DAPs. It has an emphasis on the low-end, extending up into the lower mids. On the top end, the X3 Mark III offers us a smooth and laid-back treble presentation, one that easily keeps harshness at bay. I would heartily recommend it for younger ears and modern genres, but I do suggest confirmation auditions for elder ears that are listening to more traditional audiophile genres - like Classical, Jazz and Blues. Sound signature preferences aside, I do believe that the FiiO’s X3 Mark III will delight many a listener, particularly new personal audiophiles looking for an initial foray into portable high-end sources.

This is where the elephant enters the room.

We are now forced to look squarely at the X3 Mark III’s ridiculously low retail price. At only $189 USD, it’s as accessible as it is impressive. And while it may not be the best audiophile DAP on the market - nor the most affordable - it does strike an optimal balance between two opposing forces - performance and price. And that balance is a killer feature in and of itself.

Now we look squarely at the X3 Mark III’s ridiculously low retail price. At only $189 USD, it’s as accessible as it is impressive. And while it may not be the highest-performing audiophile DAP on the market - nor the most affordable - it strikes an optimal balance between those two opposing forces: performance and price. That balance is a killer feature in and of itself, and a testament to FiiO’s vision of excellence.

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