a couple of other questions:
1. do 16 and 24 bit make a difference in electronic music?
2.if an album is released in both cd and vinyl formats at the same time are they going to sound the same?
I'm not sure I understand your question. Professional recording is usually done in at least 24bit. Vinyls are analogue and therefore don't have a bit depth or sampling rate.
1. I suggest you give the thread on 24bit on this board a read.
2. They won't sound the same because vinyl is analogue and therefore will never be a 'perfect' copy of the original master. Two vinyls technically won't sound the same either.
cutting masters in vinyl production are deliberately different, tweaked for the media, limitations - won't sound the same as used to make the CD if you could get the 24/96 used to cut the stamping master
vinyl noise varies strongly with frequency, RIAA EQ is an attempt to better match our hearing thresholds to the record playback noise - exploits our poor low frequency sensitivity, highest at few kHz
80+ dB may be possible at mid frequencies with vinyl
vinyl has other requirements too - LP are mixed to mono at low bass frequencies to pack the grooves closer
there is cartridge tracking limit, giving a signal slew rate limit as low as 5 kHz for most records - yes you can have higher frequencies - but the peak value you can cut, highest playback level drops proportionately above there
tone arm resonance, record warp, centering error and room noise give very visible low end noise to vinyl playback
most CD with modern close micing are mixed/produced too hot for the Red Book pre-emphasis - you never see it used today
modern shaped dithers give CD better than 96 dB perceptual weighted S/N
Your list is excellent, there's just one small quibble that I quoted above.
The mix to mono is to prevent excessive vertical excursion, not excessive horizontal excursion. Too much out of phase bass may result in the groove becoming too shallow on peaks, allowing the stylus to slip out of the groove or even be catapulted out. I suspect you know that, I'm just mentioning it in case someone else didn't.
On point 2...
The thing is that vinyls can sound better than the CD counterpart due to better mastering. CD's are often mastered in such a way that they lose fidelty, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loudness_war
I guess most vinyl rips are 96kHz/24bit to ensure little is lost in the analogue to digital conversion.
Capstan may be good with input that matches its algorithm's built in models, assumptions about the time errors and the music tonal content, instruments note's pitch - but I bet there are instances where it is going to fail - like the "killer samples" found for every perceptual encoder
they take a swipe a Plangent Processes in their ad copy - but having a tape bias oscillator frequency to use a time reference does make it more robust when it can be used