Headphones are transceivers like speakers, record players are source components so I don't think it is clear what you really want. If you want to you can use headphones with a high end vinyl setup as well.
I use a Sound Devices pro recorder to create HD digital recordings from favorite records on my Linn LP12. They sound amazing on the Chord Hugo>UERM or HD800. You would get more bass slam out of something like the JHAudio Roxanne.
You should try to attend a head-fi meet up. I'm sure you'll find something you like.
You are looking for a headphone with a warm signature, I would think - something with an analogue sound - The custom that I have that sounds the most "vinyl" would be my HA 8A's - they have a smooth and warm signature - still has great detail, but doesn't have that sharp digital presentation.
I noticed in several threads that the JH Audio products get tagged but the UERM rarely do. I think there's a perception that these CIEMs aren't as popular as they really are because nobody ever tags them in threads.