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Hotrodding the X-Fi: A Layman's Guide (No 56k) - Page 142

post #2116 of 2194

Latetly I've been hearing a small channel imbalance in my X-Fi (happens with both my headphones) where the right channel has a lower volume. Do you think the opamp could be the culprit? 

post #2117 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by Amatsu View Post

Latetly I've been hearing a small channel imbalance in my X-Fi (happens with both my headphones) where the right channel has a lower volume. Do you think the opamp could be the culprit? 



It's definitely that.  Resolder all the legs to make sure all contacts are well soldered on.

post #2118 of 2194

Yeah I'll do that, it's just weird that it started happening all of the sudden. Thanks.

post #2119 of 2194

What gauge wire is best to short the couplings? I'll use the card up to 3-4 hours at a time on weekends so maybe a thicker gauge for extended use?


Edited by davidjasondiaz - 2/28/11 at 5:27pm
post #2120 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by cotdt View Post

The X-Fi is without question the best gaming card, but the sound quality is average at best. As someone who is used to high end external DACs with discrete output, to me the sound quality of the X-Fi can be best described as "low-fi". But rest assured X-Fi owners, we can make it far better! I actually prefer the fully hotrodded X-Fi XtremeMusic over the Benchmark DAC1. Yes, that's what I just said =). It matches the dynamics and detail of the DAC1, but with a wider soundstage, less fatigue, and far more musicality it's not even comparable.

This guide works for sound cards in general and not only the X-Fi, but X-Fi is the most logical choice because of its versatility.

Tools needed:
Solder iron ($2) (I used Hakko 936 but any iron will work)
Solder wick (helps remove stock opamp)
Thin solder (only a little is needed)
LM4562 SOIC (free samples from National Semiconductor)
Blackgate 2200uF 16V (from www.partsconnexion.com or www.percyaudio.com)
ERS Paper (from Partsconnexion or Percy Audio)
X-Fi card (which ones? http://www.head-fi.org/forums/showpo...&postcount=122)

A sound card consists of a DSP, a DAC chip, and an analog output stage that consists of opamps. Opamps and capacitors are the two worst offenders of sound quality. With any soundcard you can change these opamps to far better ones, remove capacitors no longer needed due to the better opamp, and give it more power by increasing the size of the power supply filter capacitors on the sound card. The sound card also sits inside a computer which is full of EMI radiation that introduces noise and degrades sound quality (especially treble). That's why audiophiles use external DACs. But now you have better shielding technology so it's no longer an issue. You can put a silicon carbide/nickel board on the back of the card. Alternatively, there is this thing called ERS paper that is much easier to apply. Basically, you can do what this guy did:
http://www.head-fi.org/forums/showthread.php?t=141880

You should still mount the sound card as far away from the video card as you can. The lowest PCI slot should be used if possible. For music, use bit-matched playback in Audio Creation Mode.

Summary:
(1) Replace the stock JRC NJM4556 opamp with LM4562 SOIC
(2) Replace the sound card's power supply capacitors with larger ones that are at least several times the original value. Quality matters, especially specs like ripple current. Blackgates were chosen for this application, but Nichicon KG would also be an excellent choice due to its specs.
(3) Apply the ERS Paper onto the back of the sound card. You need a layer of insulating material between the sound card and the ERS paper since it's electrically conductive.


The mods make a HUGE difference. It's definately worth doing. And it's very easy to do especially with this guide. Takes less than an hour and doesn't cost much money. (Edit: Incorrectly labeled as the power filter capacitor, but regardless, change that cap!)

Specs
X-Fi XtremeMusic, Platinum, Fatal1ty FPS, and XtremeGamer uses a JRC NJM4556 opamp for the main channels and three ST4558 opamps for the surrounds. They utilize the CS4382 DAC, which we will prove is a very good DAC. The X-Fi Elite Pro uses the JRC NJM2114 opamp for the main, three JRC NJM2068 for the surrounds, and the even better CS4398 DAC, which is the same DAC used in the Lynx, E-MU 1820, Headroom MicroDAC, Musiland MD10, Zhaolu 2.5C and other high end DACs. As you can see, these are good DACs. With these mods, even the "lowly" XtremeMusic will blow them all out of the water.

Impressions of the stock X-Fi XtremeMusic is that it is muddy-sounding, has a plasticky tone that lacks weight, lacks bass impact due to loose-sounding boomy bass. Background is fairly quiet due to a good board layout. Midrange detail is good but not great, while dynamics and soundstage leave much to be desired. I also have a hard time making out the notes when several instruments are playing. There is also not much texture to the instruments. Better DACs have a resonant quality to them that mimicks real life sounds, and the X-Fi lacks it. Still, the X-Fi is better than the vast majority of comsumer sound cards like low-end M-Audios and the Audigy series. It is also better than any portable player I've heard, but that's not saying much.

Enter the National Semiconductor LM4562
The LM4562 is a new opamp specifically designed for audio application and that's why it's a league above all other opamps for audio. Pretty much everyone I know who has used this opamp has been amazed by it. At the time of this writing, it's a league above the best OPA and LT and AD opamps I've tried. It has a PSRR (power supply rejection ratio) and CMRR (common-mode rejection ratio) above 120dB, so it doesn't care about the poor quality power that computer sound cards get! This will give sound cards that use them an edge over all DACs except ones that use an expensive discrete analog output.

From http://www.national.com/pf/LM/LM4562.html:
To ensure that the most challenging loads are driven without compromise, the LM4562 has a high slew rate of ±20V/µs and an output current capability of ±26mA. Further, dynamic range is maximized by an output stage that drives 2k loads to within 1V of either power supply voltage and to within 1.4V when driving 600 loads.

One thing about the NJM4556 opamp is that it's a weird size longer than the usual SOIC opamp, but the card itself supports the smaller SOIC standard just fine. I cut off the NJM4556, desoldered the remains using a copper wick, and soldered on the LM4562. Make sure it's in the original orientation, which you can tell by the lettering.


Pretty small, but still easy enough to solder.


The NJM4556 has been removed. It's a terrible opamp and deserves to die.


Put the card back in and notice the massive transformation. There are too many improvements to describe for this one! If you use the surround sound, you can also replace those three with LM4562 as well. The M33078 is the input opamp, and that can also be replaced if you do recording.


Next up we will replace the power filter capacitor. The 470uF Jamicon that Creative uses has a record for failing and leaking brown crap. We will replace this with a 2200uF 16V Blackgate and hotglue it in place. Make sure the orientation is correct if using polar capacitors. Even if you're not a beleiver in changing power filter caps, the Blackgate has 1/5 of the ESR as other capacitors, excellent ripple current results, and is one of the only electrolytic capacitors that last nearly forever, as in dozens of lifetimes longer than other electrolytics. Nichicon KG would also be an excellent choice due to its specs. Anyway, the effect of this mod is tighter bass and greater warmth. I say that the choice of capacitor does matter. Take a listen before the next mod. This is essential because the next mod changes the sound signature and you may or may not like the change.


We will now shield the DAC chip, DSP chip, opamps, and the entire backside of the soundcard. There are many options, from Texas Instruments to ERS Paper. This is not snake oil. Shielding really makes a difference. I used ERS Paper, which is electrically conductive so you need an insulation layer between it and the sound card. This mod made the sound noticeably warmer and more analogue-sounding. The digital, hyper-detailed sound is now gone and some will miss it. You will notice it right away and would probably want to turn up the volume since now it is less fatiguing. Who would have thought that shielding makes such a big difference?

Update: After 20 hours, the sound has changed from the Blackgates burning in (previously it was too warm). Now I definately think that the shielding paper should be used. The LM4562 will eventually be renamed to the LME4986. Just giving you guys a heads up.

Other Mods:

Alternative opamps - There's a bunch, I've tried at least 40 different ones, some of them extremely esoteric, requiring its own special power supply. Some of them plain unstable. Out of all the "normal" opamps, I still recommend the LM4562.

The X-Fi uses Jamicon capacitors, which are known to either fail or deviate very significantly from their specs over time. A complete recap is not unreasonable. You can buy Panasonics from Digikey, or Nichicons from Percy Audio.

There are other mods but I don't have the schematics to the X-Fi so I don't know how to apply them. If others discover new mods I can add them to the list.

Short the 22uF caps near each opamp (there are 4 of them for each one). I definately recommend it as others beside myself also think that shorting improves the detail and realism, with no ill effects on the card. They seem to be decoupling caps, not coupling caps, and make the DAC more stable. Not needed though, it's perfectly stable without them.

Removing X-Fi muting transistors - Trodas did it and reported great results.
http://www.head-fi.org/forums/f46/ho...ml#post4470963

Discrete Output Mod - you bypass the opamps completely and use a discrete analog output stage, such as a Zapfilter MK2 or your own brew. Simply hook up the discrete output stage directly to the outputs of the DAC chip. Advanced mod, but I'd like to see someone try it. Discrete puts opamps to shame IMHO, plus you get balanced output as an option.

Passive Output Mod - like in the discrete mod, you bypass the opamps completely, and use either a transformer or a bandpass filter, and you have the option of getting balanced output. If using a transformer, use 1:1 ratio and 1.2k resistors across the outputs of the DAC chip to create a load. Alternatively, you can simply use a RC highpass filter. I used C=3.9uF and R=4k for a -3dB point of 10Hz. I didn't find a need to add a lowpass filter, but technically you should. I used a balanced Beta22 as my output buffer.

hardnrg's Worklog: Hard-modding the X-Fi for better sound
http://forums.overclockersclub.com/i...howtopic=71127

OCWorkbench's X-Fi Mod
http://www.ocworkbench.com/2007/arti...-Fi-Mod/g1.htm

More pictures by Nicker:
http://www.head-fi.org/forums/showpo...&postcount=297

 

 

Can i use this Cap for the power filter 2200uF 16V ELNA Cerafine ROA AUDIO CAPACITORS???

thnks
 

 

post #2121 of 2194

Way to quote the entire op.


 

post #2122 of 2194

Hey guys, if you don't mind I'd like to to ask, currently I have audigy platinum modded with lm4562 sounds good, but I thought maybe there are some more tweaks that I can apply to make it sound even better? Thanks gs1000.gif

 

 

 

 

 

 

post #2123 of 2194

I am going to do the opamp mod to my brothers x-fi ti and I was wondering if and how to short the caps on the ti? Do you really need too?


Edited by shadowofzeus - 3/12/11 at 7:53pm
post #2124 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by devilwant View Post

Can i use this Cap for the power filter 2200uF 16V ELNA Cerafine ROA AUDIO CAPACITORS???

thnks

 

That should be fine.  If you end up not liking how it colors the sound, grab a Rubycon MCZ or Chemicon KZE equivalent.  You could also try Nichicon KZ/FG/FW.

post #2125 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by Mad Max View Post



 

That should be fine.  If you end up not liking how it colors the sound, grab a Rubycon MCZ or Chemicon KZE equivalent.  You could also try Nichicon KZ/FG/FW.

 

 

The caps were too big and short legs!! I have bought Blackgate Standard 16V 470uF! Waiting for my packet to arrive! Do you think these will sound great??
 

 

post #2126 of 2194

You should get some improvement, yes.

 

Which caps are too big with short legs?  I used a Nich FW 2200uF 35V cap for power one time, lol!  It was real nice.  A little overkill is okay.  =]

 

You want the power coming in to get conditioned, though it'll never be as good as having a far better power supply and being free from computer interference and dirty computer ground.  Eventually, I just went with an external DAC.


Edited by Mad Max - 3/15/11 at 10:26am
post #2127 of 2194

I have two blackgates left over from when I did the mod. I had to get my order over$25 so I just bought 3. So I vae 2 for sale if interested.

post #2128 of 2194

I've seen some people who just replaced the coupling capacitor instead of shorting them on the Xtrememusic. Which way is better? I assume for shorting the caps I could just tie one leg of each cap together? 

post #2129 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by Mad Max View Post

You should get some improvement, yes.

 

Which caps are too big with short legs?  I used a Nich FW 2200uF 35V cap for power one time, lol!  It was real nice.  A little overkill is okay.  =]

 

You want the power coming in to get conditioned, though it'll never be as good as having a far better power supply and being free from computer interference and dirty computer ground.  Eventually, I just went with an external DAC.

g_ab93_1.JPG

These are the caps!they are way too big and legs too short! So i will try the Blackgate one and see the change!

I am on a tight budget can't get my hand on external dac! anyway what external dac are you using??
 

 

post #2130 of 2194
Quote:
Originally Posted by devilwant View Post



g_ab93_1.JPG

These are the caps!they are way too big and legs too short! So i will try the Blackgate one and see the change!

I am on a tight budget can't get my hand on external dac! anyway what external dac are you using??
 

 


 

Try and see if you can find leaded caps, they have longer legs. The manufacturer should say in the description.

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